What Are The Two Components Of The Specific Defense System?

How does the specific immune system work?

How Does the Immune System Work.

When the body senses foreign substances (called antigens), the immune system works to recognize the antigens and get rid of them.

B lymphocytes are triggered to make antibodies (also called immunoglobulins).

These proteins lock onto specific antigens..

What are the bodies 3 lines of defense?

D. Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc. The human body has three primary lines of defense to fight against foreign invaders, including viruses, bacteria, and fungi. The immune system’s three lines of defense include physical and chemical barriers, non-specific innate responses, and specific adaptive responses.

What is an example of a specific immune response?

For example, an individual who recovers from a first case of the measles is immune to further infection by the measles-causing virus, because the virus stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies that specifically recognize and neutralize the pathogen the next time it is encountered.

What are the specific defenses of the immune system?

The innate immune system provides this kind of nonspecific protection through a number of defense mechanisms, which include physical barriers such as the skin, chemical barriers such as antimicrobial proteins that harm or destroy invaders, and cells that attack foreign cells and body cells harbouring infectious agents.

What is the specific defense system?

Specific defense mechanism is the ability of the body to develop immunity against specific pathogens, toxins or foreign things. This is possible by a special immune system that produces antibodies and/or activated lymphocytes that attack and destroy specific invading organisms or toxins.

What are the 2 types of defense mechanisms the body uses?

There are physical deterrents (skin and nasal hairs), chemical deterrents (enzymes found in perspiration and saliva), and inflammatory reactions (initiated by immune cells). These particular mechanisms are named appropriately because their responses are not specific to any particular pathogen.

What are examples of specific defense?

It may be a toxin (injected into the blood by the sting of an insect, for example), a part of the protein coat of a virus, or a molecule unique to the plasma membranes of bacteria, protozoa, pollen, or other foreign cells.

Which line of defense is most important?

The third line of defense is most important because it involves the cells and proteins of adaptive immunity, responding directly to specific antigens. All three lines of defense depend on each other to function properly and no single line is more important than the other.

What is the 2nd line of defense?

If pathogens are able to get past the first line of defence, for example, through a cut in your skin, an infection develops. The second line of defence is a group of cells, tissues and organs that work together to protect the body. This is the immune system.

What are the two types of specific immune response?

There are two types of immunity that the adaptive immune system provides, and they are dependent on the functions of B and T cells, as described above. Humoral immunity is immunity from serum antibodies produced by plasma cells. … “Cell-mediated” refers to the fact that the response is carried out by cytotoxic cells.

What is the 1st 2nd and 3rd line of defense?

The first line of defense are the physical and chemical barriers, which are considered functions of innate immunity. … The third line of defense is specific resistance, which is considered a function of acquired immunity.

What are the steps of the immune response?

The normal immune response can be broken down into four main components:pathogen recognition by cells of the innate immune system, with cytokine release, complement activation and phagocytosis of antigens.the innate immune system triggers an acute inflammatory response to contain the infection.More items…

Is mucus a specific defense?

NON SPECIFIC DEFENSES: Skin and Mucous membranes, antimicrobial chemicals, natural killer cells, phagocytosis, inflammation and fever. b. “constant” region (the stem) – determins the cells and chemicals an antibody can bind to, and how that class of antibody will function.

What are the four general characteristics of specific defenses?

Terms in this set (15)The four general characteristics of specific defenses include. specificity. … Cellular immune response. – Cytotoxic T cells (aka CD8, MHC I dependent): Recognize and kill altered self-cells. … Tc Cells: … Th cells: … Antibody-Mediated immunity. … Active immunity. … Passive immunity. … Active: Gets sick, then better.More items…

What is the first line of defense?

The first line of defence is your innate immune system. Level one of this system consists of physical barriers like your skin and the mucosal lining in your respiratory tract. The tears, sweat, saliva and mucous produced by the skin and mucosal lining are part of that physical barrier, too.