What Are The 5 Types Of Meningitis?

Where is meningitis found?

Meningococcal disease occurs worldwide, with the highest incidence of disease found in the ‘meningitis belt’ of sub-Saharan Africa..

Which type of meningitis is worse?

Viral meningitis is the more common and less serious form — it usually clears up on its own in seven to 10 days. Bacterial meningitis is much more dangerous and can be fatal if not treated quickly with antibiotics. Most cases are caused by three different types of bacteria.

What is stiff neck meningitis like?

A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.

How is meningitis prevented?

The best way to prevent bacterial meningitis is through vaccination. Vaccines prepare the immune system by exposing the body to a germ so that it is better able to fight an infection when it occurs. Vaccines contain either parts of a germ, live but weakened germs, or inactivated (dead) germs.

How can you test for meningitis at home?

The meningitis glass testPress the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin.Spots/rash may fade at first.Keep checking.Fever with spots/rash that do not fade under pressure is a medical emergency.Do not wait for a rash. If someone is ill and getting worse, get medical help immediately.

Can you have meningitis and not know it?

The infection may clear up on its own. Meningitis can be mistaken for the flu, dehydration, or gastroenteritis. It can also be overlooked because symptoms may be mild or not always apparent.

How fast does meningitis kill?

90% of children and teenagers who die of meningococcal meningitis die within 24 hours. Research has found that nearly 90% (88.7%) of children and teenagers who are killed by invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) die within 24 hours of diagnosis.

How can you tell meningitis types?

Meningitis is usually caused by viruses or bacteria. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, followed by bacterial meningitis. Rarer types of meningitis include chemical and fungal meningitis. The most common types of bacterial meningitis are meningococcal, pneumococcal, TB, group B streptococcal and E.

How long can Meningitis last?

How long does meningitis last? Viral meningitis lasts about seven to 10 days with symptoms receding gradually. Bacterial meningitis is usually cured by antibiotics. The time to cure varies with each individual and corresponds with the decrease of symptoms.

How can you tell if meningitis is bacterial or viral?

To determine whether a person is suffering from viral or bacterial meningitis, doctors will have to perform a lumbar puncture. This involves collecting a sample of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that surrounds the brain and spinal cord to find out what is causing the meningitis.

What are the symptoms of meningitis in adults?

Symptoms of meningitis develop suddenly and can include:a high temperature (fever) of 38C or above.being sick.a headache.a rash that does not fade when a glass is rolled over it (but a rash will not always develop)a stiff neck.a dislike of bright lights.drowsiness or unresponsiveness.seizures (fits)

How do people get meningitis?

Bacteria that enter the bloodstream and travel to the brain and spinal cord cause acute bacterial meningitis. But it can also occur when bacteria directly invade the meninges. This may be caused by an ear or sinus infection, a skull fracture, or — rarely — some surgeries.

What is the most common meningitis?

Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, an inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord.

How long can you have meningitis without knowing?

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma). For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.

What are the 3 types of meningitis?

Types of meningitisViral meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. … Bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is contagious and caused by infection from certain bacteria. … Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. … Parasitic meningitis. … Non-infectious meningitis.