What Are Preventable Diseases?

What are the signs and symptoms of communicable diseases?

General signs and symptoms common to a number of infectious diseases include:Fever.Diarrhea.Fatigue.Muscle aches.Coughing..

What are vaccine preventable diseases?

Vaccine preventable diseases currently include:diphtheria.tetanus.pertussis (whooping cough)poliomyelitis (polio)measles.mumps.rubella.haemophilus influenzae type b infections.More items…•

What are some non preventable diseases?

Some chronic diseases — notably, autoimmune disorders such as Type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and some digestive disorders — are not considered preventable. The body attacks itself for unknown reasons, not because of behaviors such as smoking, poor diet or inactivity.

How diseases can be prevented?

Washing your hands with soap and water, thoroughly and frequently. Covering your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough. Disinfecting frequently touched surfaces in your home and workplace. Avoiding contact with sick people or sharing personal items with them.

What are the two major types of immunization?

There are two basic types of vaccines: live attenuated and inactivated. The characteristics of live and inactivated vaccines are different, and these characteristics determine how the vaccine is used. Live attenuated vaccines are produced by modifying a disease-producing (“wild”) virus or bacterium in a laboratory.

Is tetanus a vaccine?

There are 4 vaccines that include protection against tetanus: The DTaP vaccine protects young children from diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough. The DT vaccine protects young children from diphtheria and tetanus. The Tdap vaccine protects preteens, teens, and adults from tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough.

What are 4 types of vaccines?

There are 4 main types of vaccines:Live-attenuated vaccines.Inactivated vaccines.Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines.Toxoid vaccines.

What are the symptoms of the major vaccine preventable diseases?

Fever is present in all forms of Hib disease. The most common type of Hib disease is meningitis; symptoms include stiff neck, headache, vomiting and loss of alertness. Other types of Hib disease can cause difficulty breathing and swal- lowing, cough, sore throat, chest pain and headache.

What are the 5 types of vaccines?

As mentioned earlier, there are five main types of vaccines: attenuated (live) vaccines, inactivated vaccines, toxoid vaccines, subunit vaccines, and conjugate vaccines.

Why should we prevent disease?

Taking care of yourself prevents health problems and saves money by reducing the number of office visits and medications you need. Self-care reduces the heavy costs of healthcare associated with disease.

What are the six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

Which type of vaccine is most effective?

Live attenuated vaccines contain whole bacteria or viruses which have been “weakened” so that they create a protective immune response but do not cause disease in healthy people. Live vaccines tend to create a strong and lasting immune response and are some of our best vaccines.

How can I live without a disease?

According to a new study, a combination of healthful lifestyle choices, such as maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking, and regularly exercising, can significantly extend the number of years that an individual avoids disease.

How can we reduce health risks?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

Who is at risk of vaccine preventable illness?

Children and older adults are at a higher risk of the disease. The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine is recommended for all adults aged 65 years or older and for individuals younger than 65 years who are at increased risk for the disease.