- Why do we need directional terms?
- What are the 5 regions of the body?
- What is belly or belly side of the body called?
- How are directional terms used in anatomy?
- What term is used to describe body parts located closer to the feet?
- What are the 4 main anatomical positions?
- Is dorsal a top or bottom?
- What are the differences of 3 trunk cavities?
- What directional term means towards the tail?
- What term means toward the lower part of the body?
- Which term means lowermost below or toward the feet?
- What is the purpose of body planes?
- What term means inside the body?
- What are the 3 body planes?
- What is top in medical terms?
- What are the 4 body positions?
- What term means toward the back?
- What is the medical term for bottom of foot?
Why do we need directional terms?
Understanding terminology ensures doctors and technicians have a shared method of communicating, which helps to avoid confusion when pinpointing structures and describing locations of lesions.
Knowing your directional terms makes things clear and saves time!.
What are the 5 regions of the body?
The human body is roughly apportionable into five big regions: head, neck, torso, upper extremity and lower extremity.
What is belly or belly side of the body called?
Anatomical terminology The abdomen (colloquially called the stomach, belly, tummy or midriff) is the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates.
How are directional terms used in anatomy?
Anatomical TerminologySuperior or cranial – toward the head end of the body; upper (example, the hand is part of the superior extremity).Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity).Anterior or ventral – front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg).More items…
What term is used to describe body parts located closer to the feet?
Superior : means the part is above another or closer to head (cranial ). Vs. Inferior: means the part is below another or towards the feet (caudal).
What are the 4 main anatomical positions?
The standard anatomical position for humans is the feet together (or slightly apart), and the forearms are rotated with the palms forward and the thumbs pointed away from the body….Directional TermsSuperior and Inferior. … Anterior and Posterior. … Medial and Lateral. … Proximal and Distal. … Superficial and Deep.
Is dorsal a top or bottom?
The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.
What are the differences of 3 trunk cavities?
The ventral cavity is at the anterior, or front, of the trunk. It is subdivided into the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity. The dorsal cavity is at the posterior, or back, of the body, and includes the head and the back of the trunk.
What directional term means towards the tail?
CaudalCaudal: directional term that means “towards the tail.” At the level of the spinal cord, caudal indicates the direction that points down towards the feet.
What term means toward the lower part of the body?
caudalcaudal. means toward the lower part of the body. proximal. means situated nearest to the midline or the beginning of the body structure.
Which term means lowermost below or toward the feet?
InferiorInferior means lowermost, below, or toward the feet. For example, the stomach is located inferior to (below) the diaphragm. Inferior is the opposite of superior.
What is the purpose of body planes?
Body planes are hypothetical geometric planes used to divide the body into sections. They are commonly used in both human and zoological anatomy to describe the location or direction of bodily structures.
What term means inside the body?
Medial: In the middle or inside, as opposed to lateral. Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior. Posteroanterior: From back to front, as opposed to anteroposterior.
What are the 3 body planes?
There are three planes commonly used; sagittal, coronal and transverse.
What is top in medical terms?
Diagnosis, Pregnancy, Midwifery. TOP. Termination of Pregnancy. Embryology, Midwifery. TOP.
What are the 4 body positions?
The four main anatomical positions are: supine, prone, right lateral recumbent, and left lateral recumbent. Each position is used in different medical circumstances.
What term means toward the back?
dorsal. Definition. Anatomic term meaning toward the back of the body; also called Posterior.
What is the medical term for bottom of foot?
The sole is the bottom of the foot. In humans the sole of the foot is anatomically referred to as the plantar aspect.