- What are the first three things you should do when you recognize an emergency situation?
- How can nurses prevent the spread of infection?
- What are the 5 universal precautions?
- What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?
- What are universal precautions and why are they important?
- How many standard precautions are there?
- What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?
- What is standard precautions in nursing?
- What are the 3 universal precautions?
- What diseases are airborne precautions?
- Why is standard precautions important?
- Who developed standard precautions?
- Is there a difference between universal and standard precautions?
- What are universal safety precautions?
- What do Standard precautions include?
- What are the 9 key areas that define standard precautions?
- What is another name for universal precautions?
- What does the term standard precautions mean?
- When Must standard precautions be used?
What are the first three things you should do when you recognize an emergency situation?
Emergency situations are often confusing and frightening.
To take appropriate actions in any emergency, follow the three basic emergency action steps — Check-Call-Care.
Check the scene and the victim.
Call the local emergency number to activate the EMS system..
How can nurses prevent the spread of infection?
Clinical care nurses directly prevent infections by performing, monitoring, and assuring compliance with aseptic work practices; providing knowledgeable collaborative oversight on environmental decontamination to prevent transmission of microorganisms from patient to patient; and serve as the primary resource to …
What are the 5 universal precautions?
5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.
What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?
Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…
What are universal precautions and why are they important?
Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).
How many standard precautions are there?
Your guide to the 10 Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICPs)
What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?
Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.
What is standard precautions in nursing?
Standard Precautions. Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.
What are the 3 universal precautions?
Universal precautions apply to the following body fluids:Blood.Semen and vaginal secretions.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)Synovial fluid.Pleural fluid.Pericardial fluid.Amniotic fluid.
What diseases are airborne precautions?
Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.
Why is standard precautions important?
Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.
Who developed standard precautions?
Following the AIDS outbreak in the 1980s the US CDC formally introduced them in 1985–88. Every patient was treated as if infected and therefore precautions were taken to minimize risk. In 1987, the practice of universal precautions was adjusted by a set of rules known as body substance isolation.
Is there a difference between universal and standard precautions?
“Universal precautions are mandated for home health agencies but the type of pathogens that exist today require standard precautions that protect staff and patients against more threats of infection than universal precautions,” says Barbara B.
What are universal safety precautions?
Universal precautions is an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens, (Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030(b) definitions).
What do Standard precautions include?
Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.
What are the 9 key areas that define standard precautions?
8.1 Standard precautionshand hygiene and cough etiquette.the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)the safe use and disposal of sharps.routine environmental cleaning.incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions .
What is another name for universal precautions?
In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.
What does the term standard precautions mean?
Standard Precautions are the minimum infection prevention practices that apply to all patient care, regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status of the patient, in any setting where health care is delivered.
When Must standard precautions be used?
Standard precautions are the basic level of infection control that should be used in the care of all patients all of the time. Use standard precautions in the care of all patients to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and non-recognized sources of infection.