Quick Answer: Can You Test HIV Negative If Your Viral Load Is Undetectable?

Can you infect someone if your viral load is undetectable?

Having an undetectable viral load does mean that there is not enough HIV in your body fluids to pass HIV on during sex.

In other words, you are not infectious.

For as long as your viral load stays undetectable, your chance of passing on HIV to a sexual partner is zero..

Can undetectable HIV become detectable?

An undetectable viral load is where antiretroviral treatment (ART) has reduced your HIV to such small quantities that it can no longer be detected by standard blood tests. People living with HIV who have an undetectable viral load cannot pass HIV on through sex. Being undetectable does not mean your HIV is cured.

How long can you stay undetectable?

A person’s viral load is considered “durably undetectable” when all viral load test results are undetectable for at least six months after their first undetectable test result. This means that most people will need to be on treatment for 7 to 12 months to have a durably undetectable viral load.

How long does ARVs stay in your body?

ARV drugs keep HIV under control, but they don’t stay in your body for a long time, so you have to keep topping them up. If you stop taking your HIV drugs, then your viral load will go up. This means HIV can damage your immune system, and that you are more likely to pass HIV on.

What causes viral load to increase?

An increase in viral load can occur for many reasons, such as: not taking antiretroviral medication consistently. the HIV has mutated (changed genetically) antiretroviral medication isn’t the right dose.

Can an undetectable person test negative?

You will still test positive for HIV if you are undetectable. HIV tests usually detect antibodies, which are part of your immune system’s response to HIV. People living with HIV who are undetectable still have antibodies to HIV which means you will test positive for HIV even if you have an undetectable viral load.

Can an HIV positive person test negative?

If the results from a second test are positive, a person is considered to be HIV-positive. It’s also possible to receive a false-negative result. This means the result is negative when in reality the virus is present. This generally happens if a person recently contracted HIV and gets tested during the window period.

What will happen if I skip my ARV for 2 days?

Missing doses of HIV medicines can reduce their usefulness and increase the possibility of developing drug resistance, which makes certain HIV drugs lose their effectiveness. If you realize you have missed a dose, go ahead and take the medication as soon as you can, then take the next dose at your usual scheduled time.

What is a bad viral load?

The results of a viral load test are described as the number of copies of HIV RNA in a millilitre of blood. But your doctor will normally just talk about your viral load as a number. For example, a viral load of 10,000 would be considered low; 100,000 would be considered high.