What are the two main parts of a virus quizlet?
What are the basic components of a virus.
Protein shell (capsid), contains the virus genome (either RNA or DNA).
Capsomeres, individual subunits of the capsid.
Nucleocapsid, complete complex of nucleic acid plus capsid protein..
What are the 4 main parts of a virus?
Key Points Viruses are classified into four groups based on shape: filamentous, isometric (or icosahedral), enveloped, and head and tail. Many viruses attach to their host cells to facilitate penetration of the cell membrane, allowing their replication inside the cell.
How do viruses reproduce themselves?
A virus is a tiny, infectious particle that can reproduce only by infecting a host cell. Viruses “commandeer” the host cell and use its resources to make more viruses, basically reprogramming it to become a virus factory. Because they can’t reproduce by themselves (without a host), viruses are not considered living.
Do viruses multiply?
How do viruses multiply? Due to their simple structure, viruses cannot move or even reproduce without the help of an unwitting host cell. But when it finds a host, a virus can multiply and spread rapidly.
Do viruses grow or develop?
Viruses manipulate host cells into building new viruses which means each virion is created in its fully-formed state, and will neither increase in size nor in complexity throughout its existence. Viruses do not grow.
What are 3 main parts of a virus?
All viruses contain the following two components: 1) a nucleic acid genome and 2) a protein capsid that covers the genome. Together this is called the nucleocapsid. In addition, many animal viruses contain a 3) lipid envelope. The entire intact virus is called the virion.
What does a virus contain?
Most viruses have either RNA or DNA as their genetic material. The nucleic acid may be single- or double-stranded. The entire infectious virus particle, called a virion, consists of the nucleic acid and an outer shell of protein. The simplest viruses contain only enough RNA or DNA to encode four proteins.
What diseases are caused by viruses?
Viral diseasessmallpox.the common cold and different types of flu.measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles.hepatitis.herpes and cold sores.polio.rabies.Ebola and Hanta fever.More items…•
Do viruses have a life cycle?
The multiple steps involved in the virus propagation occurring inside cells are collectively termed the “virus life cycle.” The virus life cycle can be divided into three stages—entry, genome replication, and exit.