- What is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis?
- What are the long term side effects of bacterial meningitis?
- What does bacterial meningitis look like?
- How do people get bacterial meningitis?
- Can anyone get meningitis?
- How common is bacterial meningitis in adults?
- Can you fully recover from bacterial meningitis?
- How long does it take to recover from bacterial meningitis?
- How are patients physically affected by bacterial meningitis?
- Where is bacterial meningitis most commonly found?
- What is the survival rate of bacterial meningitis?
- Can meningitis be prevented?
What is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis?
Several strains of bacteria can cause acute bacterial meningitis, most commonly: Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus).
This bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, young children and adults in the United States.
It more commonly causes pneumonia or ear or sinus infections..
What are the long term side effects of bacterial meningitis?
Hence, bacterial meningitis is associated with learning and memory deficits, cognitive deficiencies and sensorimotor impairments including hearing and visual loss, and motor dysfunction –. Up to a third of all survivors suffer transient or permanent deafness or other neurological sequelae .
What does bacterial meningitis look like?
Meningococcal bacteria reproduce in the bloodstream and release poisons (septicemia). As the infection progresses, blood vessels can become damaged. This can cause a faint skin rash that looks like tiny pinpricks. The spots may be pink, red, or purple.
How do people get bacterial meningitis?
Bacterial meningitis occurs when these bacteria get in your bloodstream and travel to your brain and spinal cord to start an infection. Most bacteria that cause this form of infection are spread through close personal contact, such as: coughing. sneezing.
Can anyone get meningitis?
Anyone can get meningitis, but research shows that it’s more common in these age groups: Children under 5. Teenagers and young adults ages 16-25. Adults over 55.
How common is bacterial meningitis in adults?
In the United States, approximately 2,600 sporadic cases of Bacterial Meningitis are reported each year. Meningitis caused by pneumococcal infections affects about 1.1 in 100,000 individuals. Meningitis caused by haemophilus influenza affects about . 2 in 100,000 individuals.
Can you fully recover from bacterial meningitis?
Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be deadly. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. However, permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities) can result from the infection.
How long does it take to recover from bacterial meningitis?
Most people feel better within 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, it can help to: get plenty of rest. take painkillers for a headache or general aches.
How are patients physically affected by bacterial meningitis?
The most common symptoms of bacterial meningitis are: Painful, stiff neck with limited range of motion. Headaches. High fever.
Where is bacterial meningitis most commonly found?
The largest burden of meningococcal disease occurs in an area of sub-Saharan Africa known as the meningitis belt, which stretches from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east (26 countries).
What is the survival rate of bacterial meningitis?
Up to 10 percent of people with bacterial meningitis don’t survive. Some who survive the illness may battle seizures, brain damage, hearing loss, and disability for the rest of their life.
Can meningitis be prevented?
The most effective way to prevent meningitis is to get vaccinated against the disease. There are currently two vaccines available in the U.S. that protect against most types of bacterial meningitis.