- What organs does Reye’s syndrome affect?
- How does Reye’s syndrome occur?
- What medications cause Reye’s syndrome?
- How many cases of Reye’s syndrome are there?
- Can you recover from Reye’s syndrome?
- What conditions must be present for a diagnosis of Reye syndrome?
- Is Reye’s syndrome contagious?
- Does Reye’s syndrome go away?
- Can ibuprofen cause Reye syndrome?
- Does Pepto Bismol cause Reye’s syndrome?
- Is the best prevention for Reye’s syndrome?
What organs does Reye’s syndrome affect?
Reye’s syndrome (RS) is primarily a children’s disease, although it can occur at any age.
It affects all organs of the body but is most harmful to the brain and the liver–causing an acute increase of pressure within the brain and, often, massive accumulations of fat in the liver and other organs..
How does Reye’s syndrome occur?
The exact cause of Reye’s syndrome is unknown, but it most commonly affects children and young adults recovering from a viral infection – for example a cold, flu or chickenpox. In most cases, aspirin has been used to treat their symptoms, so aspirin may trigger Reye’s syndrome.
What medications cause Reye’s syndrome?
Reye’s syndrome seems to be triggered by using aspirin to treat a viral illness or infection — particularly flu (influenza) and chickenpox — in children and teenagers who have an underlying fatty acid oxidation disorder.
How many cases of Reye’s syndrome are there?
A total of 1,207 cases of Reye’s syndrome in children younger than 18 years of age were reported to CDC from 1981 to 1997. After a high of 555 cases were documented in 1980, the number of cases declined rapidly, and since 1987 fewer than 37 cases have been reported each year.
Can you recover from Reye’s syndrome?
Outlook. Survival rate for Reye’s syndrome has improved in recent years and is now at about 80 percent. Early detection and treatment is key to a full recovery, with later diagnosis sometimes leading to permanent brain damage and disability. Those who have lapsed into a coma also have a poorer outlook.
What conditions must be present for a diagnosis of Reye syndrome?
Doctors consider a diagnosis of Reye syndrome in any child who has unexplained brain dysfunction (encephalopathy), vomiting, and liver dysfunction. A history of a recent viral infection and aspirin use certainly supports the diagnosis.
Is Reye’s syndrome contagious?
The illness usually occurs in children but can occur at any age. Is Reye’s syndrome contagious? Reye’s syndrome is not contagious.
Does Reye’s syndrome go away?
Reye’s syndrome is a biphasic condition that typically occurs in a child who is otherwise healthy. It begins as a prodromal febrile illness that is likely viral in nature, such as an upper respiratory infection or varicella, or possibly rotavirus. After this illness resolves, the child will recover for 3 to 5 days.
Can ibuprofen cause Reye syndrome?
Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin are easily available and generally safe in small doses. Most of these are safe for children, as well. However, aspirin is an important exception. Aspirin is associated with a risk of Reye’s syndrome in children.
Does Pepto Bismol cause Reye’s syndrome?
The cause is unknown; however, salicylates have been implicated as a possible causative agent. Products containing salicylate include but are not limited to aspirin and Pepto-Bismol. Studies linked Reye’s syndrome epidemiologically to recent illness with influenza or varicella and the use of aspirin.
Is the best prevention for Reye’s syndrome?
Prevention of Reye syndrome Parents should read medication labels carefully and avoid giving children products containing aspirin during times of illness. Consult your child’s physician for questions regarding medications and dosage.