Can I Infect My Partner With An Undetectable Viral Load?

Can a person taking ARVs infect others?

You can’t transmit HIV if you take ARVs correctly and are virally suppressed.

Zero risk of HIV transmission via condomless sex.

That is what the world’s largest study among HIV-positive gay men, who are on effective antiretroviral (ARV) treatment, has found..

What is a bad viral load?

The results of a viral load test are described as the number of copies of HIV RNA in a millilitre of blood. But your doctor will normally just talk about your viral load as a number. For example, a viral load of 10,000 would be considered low; 100,000 would be considered high.

Should I take PrEP if my partner is undetectable?

PrEP and/ or condoms are not necessary to prevent HIV when the sexual partner has an undetectable viral load. Having an undetectable viral load, using PrEP and using condoms are all HIV prevention strategies that people can choose to use alone or in combination.

What happens if you don’t take your ARVs on time?

Antiretroviral treatment (ART) reduces the level of HIV in your blood so that it cannot damage your immune system. If you do not take your medication correctly (at the right time every day), the level of HIV in your blood may increase and the treatment may stop working. This is known as developing drug resistance.

How long can you stay undetectable?

A person’s viral load is considered “durably undetectable” when all viral load test results are undetectable for at least six months after their first undetectable test result. This means that most people will need to be on treatment for 7 to 12 months to have a durably undetectable viral load.

Can someone with undetectable viral load test negative?

The bottom line is that if you’re living with HIV and have an undetectable viral load, you will still test positive for HIV if you get tested. But, this is expected, and doesn’t mean that your treatment is not working or that you aren’t undetectable.

What will happen if I skip my ARV for 2 days?

Missing doses of HIV medicines can reduce their usefulness and increase the possibility of developing drug resistance, which makes certain HIV drugs lose their effectiveness. If you realize you have missed a dose, go ahead and take the medication as soon as you can, then take the next dose at your usual scheduled time.

Can I infect someone if I am undetectable?

Having an undetectable viral load does mean that there is not enough HIV in your body fluids to pass HIV on during sex. In other words, you are not infectious. For as long as your viral load stays undetectable, your chance of passing on HIV to a sexual partner is zero.

What is the lowest viral load?

What the Results MeanA high viral load is generally considered about 100,000 copies, but you could have 1 million or more. … A lower HIV viral load is below 10,000 copies. … A viral load that can’t be detected — less than 20 copies — is always the goal of HIV treatment.

Does undetectable mean negative?

You will still test positive for HIV if you are undetectable. HIV tests usually detect antibodies, which are part of your immune system’s response to HIV. People living with HIV who are undetectable still have antibodies to HIV which means you will test positive for HIV even if you have an undetectable viral load.

What happens when you skip ARVs for a day?

IF YOU FORGET to take your ARVs at your chosen time it is BETTER TO TAKE LATE than not to take at all. If you remember to take your ARVs every single day, every week, every month then the HIV in the your body will not get the chance to grow and become resistant.

How long does it take to get an undetectable viral load?

Your viral load usually drops quickly after first starting treatment, however it may be a while before it reaches a point where it’s undetectable. Most people who adhere properly to their treatment become undetectable after about six months, but it’s important that you have a viral load test to confirm this.

Can someone taking Arvs test negative?

HIV self-tests (home tests) frequently give false-negative results when used by people with diagnosed HIV who are taking antiretroviral therapy, with implications for the messaging around self-testing, according to a South African study presented at the 10th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science (IAS …

Does undetectable really mean Untransmittable?

Undetectable. U=U, short for “undetectable = untransmittable”. Treatment as prevention, or “TasP”. Basically, these terms all mean the same thing: If a person living with HIV stays undetectable for 6 months or more while on treatment, they cannot transmit HIV through sex.